The Forest Research Area in Liliental

The History of the Lilienhof

The Kaiserstuhl is an ancient settlement area. Breisach was first mentioned in documents in the year 369 and Ihringen in 962.

The first known owners of the Lilienhof were the Üsenberger family in the 11th century who also owned the hunting rights over the whole of the Kaiserstuhl. The land of the later Lilienhof was also a hunting reserve. In 1392 the heavily in debt ownership of the Üsenberger was sold to the Margrave of Hachberg. The Margrave pledged the borough of Ihringen to his son, the Earl of Leiningen. In 1414 the Margrave Bernhard I of Baden finally bought the ownership of Hachberg. With that Ihringen become badish. Through its division in 1515 the margrave came to the Baden-Durlachsche line.

The woods at Lilienhof were uprooted very early on and the land was terraced and planted with vines. Many findings of old fashioned vine knives and iron hoes from the donkeys are the lasting proof of this form of agriculture. After the 30 years war the lands most likely reverted back into forest.

Der Lilienhof von Norden her


In 1805 the Lilienhof, which probably once belonged to the German order prebend of Freiburg, came under governmental control. However, already in 1835 the community of Ihringen obtained the public forest with a total of 292 ha. In 1846 the community sold the wood lots on the edge of the forest to the inhabitants and finally in 1855 the rest was sold to a so-called ‘Wood Society’ comprising a resident of the Kaiserstuhl and two from Alsace. The latter sold their share to the Badish Society for Tobacco Products and Retail in 1857. This led to renewed reduction of the forest and a transformation to agricultural land uses. From 1870 until World War I the farm estate was under the ownership of an Earl of Bismark. Following this Mr von Wogau was the owner into the 1930s. He sold the premises in the end to the architect Dr. Petersen, who was married to an inheritor of the Henkel-Persil family.

In 1957 the region Baden-Württemberg obtained the first part of the farm with 99 ha and shortly after a further 114 ha. The Castle wood with 14 ha was ultimately sold in 1966. Additional consolidation and expansion has taken place until today in the heavily segmented private wood of the area, in which the Lilienhof gained an extra 50 ha.

Most of the areas were for the most part planted with deciduous trees suited to the site conditions and now lie under the keeping of the Breisach Forest District. The centre of the acquired lands however, with the better soils and an area of around 70 ha serves the Forest Research Institute (FVA) of Baden-Württemberg as a research area.

 

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