The Redwood Grove
to the favourable site conditions in Liliental, the redwood grove has
developed into the biggest attraction in the grounds. The redwood (Sequoiadendron
giganteum [L.] Buchh.) comes from the west slopes of the Sierra Nevada in
California, USA. There the tree grows in several hundred small and isolated
natural patches spread out between 1500 and 2400 metres above sea level. The
largest examples can grow to 100 metres in their native land. The largest ever
measured diameter was to 14,45 metres. By such dimensions the timber volume of
a single tree amounts to 1000m3 and more. The oldest trees are more
than 3000 years old and are strictly protected for example in the Sequoia and
Yosemite National Parks in the USA.
seed for the Redwoods in Liliental was brought straight from Tulare County in
California, USA. The sowing of the seed took place in 1956 in the FVA tree
nursery “Fasanengarten” in Stuttgart. In 1960 the four-year-old trees were
then planted out in an area of around 1.2 hectares. Already in the period
after the planting, single trees had to be removed to allow the remaining tree
enough growing room. In 1992 the trees were on average 22 metres high and 60
cm thick (diameter measured 1,3m above ground). The bringing in of tree
species, which are naturally found in association with the redwoods was
unfortunately largely unsuccessful. Only the incense cedar (Calocedrus
decurrens [Torr.] Florin) and the white fir (Abies concolor var.
lowina [Gord.] Lemm.) could find a niche here (see map 13).